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Nuclear Engineering and Technology · Volume 46 The Fukushima Dai-Ichi accident in has affected various aspects of the nuclear society worldwide.
Table of contents

Increasing heat caused the pressure inside the containment vessel to build.

By the time the fire truck started pumping, workers were able to force in less than 10 gallons per minute, not much more than a kitchen faucet puts out. That was far too little to cool the nuclear fuel and reduce pressure. The report also takes note of the human toll the disaster took on workers. It points out that many plant workers had lost their homes and even their families in the tsunami, and that for days after the quake, they were sleeping on the floor at the plant, soaking up radiation doses even in the control room.

Because of food shortages, they were provided with only a biscuit for breakfast and a bowl of noodles for dinner. Working in darkness and without electricity, even simple tasks became challenging. At one point, control room operators formed themselves into teams of two, to dash into high-dose areas to try to open a crucial vent. One would hold the flashlight and monitor the radiation dose, while the other would try to get a valve to move.

But there was no communication once the team was in the field, so the next team could leave for the reactor only after the first had returned. Eventually, the radiation levels got too high, and they gave up.

The first explosion rocked the plant soon after, belching clouds of radioactive materials and giving the world its clearest sense of the scope of the catastrophe unfolding in Japan. Tell us what you think. Please upgrade your browser. See next articles.

Emergency Planning and Response

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Article menu. Health policy. Postnuclear disaster evacuation and chronic health in adults in Fukushima, Japan: a long-term retrospective analysis.

Abstract Objective Japan's Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant incident required the evacuation of over a million people, creating a large displaced population with potentially increased vulnerability in terms of chronic health conditions. Statistics from Altmetric.

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Introduction Radiation exposure is a public health issue, associated with long-term risks of disorders including, for example, eye cataracts and tumours. View this table: View inline View popup. Regression analysis We conducted regression analyses to assess the impact of evacuation, adjusted for covariates.

General Information

Age-adjusted RR of diabetes, hypertension and hyperlipidaemia Table 2 shows the age-adjusted pre-incident and post-incident RR of each outcome. Regression analyses Impact of evacuation after adjustment for covariates The estimated impact of evacuation on disease risk is shown in table 3.

Discussion Adequate control of diabetes, hyperlipidaemia and hypertension is vital to reduce the risk of developing serious complications, such as heart disease, stroke and kidney failure. Acknowledgments The authors express their gratitude to the Minamisoma and Soma city employees and Minamisoma Municipal General Hospital staff for data collection and management.

Quake sparks nuclear crisis. Nature ; : — 5. OpenUrl PubMed. Priest ND. Radiation doses received by adult Japanese populations living outside Fukushima Prefecture during March , following the Fukushima 1 nuclear power plant failures.


J Environ Radioact ; : — Early radiation survey of Iitate village, which was heavily contaminated by the Fukushima Daiichi accident, conducted on 28 and 29 March Health Phys ; : — 6. Radiation doses among residents living 37 km northwest of the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant. J Environ Radioact ; : 84 — 9. Evaluation of personal dose equivalent using optically stimulated luminescent dosemeters in Marumori after the Fukushima nuclear accident. Radiat Prot Dosimetry ; : — Internal radiocesium contamination of adults and children in Fukushima 7 to 20 months after the Fukushima NPP accident as measured by extensive whole-body-counter surveys.

Comprehensive whole-body counter surveys of Miharu-town school children for three consecutive years after the Fukushima NPP accident. Whole-body counter surveys of Miharu-town school children for four consecutive years after the Fukushima NPP accident. Internal radiation exposure after the Fukushima nuclear power plant disaster. JAMA ; : — Limited internal radiation exposure associated with resettlements to a radiation-contaminated homeland after the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster. Reduction of high levels of internal radio-contamination by dietary intervention in residents of areas affected by the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant disaster: a case series.

Absence of internal radiation contamination by radioactive cesium among children affected by the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant disaster. Health Phys ; : 39 — Measurement of internal radiation exposure among decontamination workers in villages near the crippled Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant.

Health Phys ; : — Acute intake of radionuclides immediately after the incident as the main contributor of the internal radiation exposure after Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster. JAMA Pediatr ; : — World Health Organization. Health risk assessment from the nuclear accident after the Great East Japan earthquake and tsunami, based on a preliminary dose estimation. Geneva : World Health Organization , Annex A: levels and effects of radiation exposure due to the nuclear accident after the great east-Japan earthquake and tsunami. Health of Medicare Advantage plan enrollees at 1 year after Hurricane Katrina.

Am J Manag Care ; 15 : 13 — To evacuate or shelter in place: implications of universal hurricane evacuation policies on nursing home residents. J Am Med Dir Assoc ; 13 : Kario K , Ohashi T.

Fukushima report: Key points in nuclear disaster report - BBC News

Increased coronary heart disease mortality after the Hanshin-Awaji earthquake among the older community on Awaji Island. Tsuna Medical Association. J Am Geriatr Soc ; 45 : — Cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events pre- and post-earthquake of 6 April the Abruzzo's experience.

Am J Hypertens ; 25 : — Nuclear Regulation Authority. Conceptual diagram of evacuation-directed zones and the number of population and households of each region as of the end of December Conceptual diagram of evacuation-directed zones and the number of population and households of each region as of 5 September Excess mortality among relocated institutionalized elderly after the Fukushima nuclear disaster.

Public Health ; : — 8. Release Dates. Official Sites.

Five Years after Fukushima: Incident Management Considerations

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